AT THE SERVICE OF KNOWLEDGE
OF THE OCEAN AND THE CLIMATE
The OceanoScientific Program , initiated in 2006 by Yvan Griboval, allows the international scientific community to enrich its knowledge about the causes and consequences of climate change through the repeated collection of oceanographic and meteorological data in little or no explored sea areas. scientifically, especially in the Atlantic, Mediterranean and under the three great continental capes: Bonne-Espérance, Leeuwin and Horn.
This collection is carried out by the OceanoScientific Explorer , a 16-meter carbon performance sailboat, double-handed or solo, sailing without carbon emissions and with zero waste. It is equipped with unique equipment: the OSC System , which automatically collects data every six seconds for around ten parameters, essential to understanding climate exchanges between ocean and atmosphere. Or, for example, just below the surface of the sea: temperature and salinity, acidity (potential hydrogen - pH), partial pressure of carbon dioxide ( p CO2), fluorescence (Chl a), etc. In the atmosphere: temperature, atmospheric pressure, humidity, wind direction and force, etc. These data are automatically transmitted every hour by satellite, in other words in near real time, to the scientific platforms of UNESCO agencies.
The OceanoScientific 2016 - 2026 Campaign leaves and returns to Monaco, in the wake of Prince Albert I, founder of the Oceanographic Institute, in front of whom the OceanoScientific Explorer is racing, helmed here by Pierre Casiraghi on April 2, 2015.
Photo Franck Terlin - Yacht Club de Monaco 2015
Scientific management of the OceanoScientific Program is contractually carried out by IFREMER , Météo-France , CNRS ( LOCEAN / LOV ) and Mercator Océan , with the support of JCOMMOPS . Their representatives select the sensors, ensure their proper implementation in the OSC System, control the quality of the data collected and contribute to their rapid transmission to the international scientific community - to which they are offered free of charge by the OceanoScientific association. They also study them. These researchers also suggest developments in the OSC System and supervise their implementation.
The 2016-2026 OceanoScientific Campaign is organized from Monaco on the basis of ten annual six-month expeditions, carried out in the Mediterranean, Atlantic and in the circumantarctic current (around Antarctica), departing from Cape Town (South Africa ), operational base of the OceanoScientific Explorer . These expeditions are organized according to the prescriptions of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC-UNESCO) and of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).